Concrete is typically mixed using a combination of cement, water, and aggregates such as sand, gravel, or crushed stone.
There are various methods of mixing concrete, including utilizing a batch plant also known as ready mix concrete, a volumetric truck mixer, or doing it yourself.
If you are unsure about how much concrete to mix use our concrete calculator
How to mix concrete
If you wish to mix concrete on your own, there are different ways to go about it, such as using a mixer or a bucket. You can learn more about these methods by following the instructions below.
How to mix concrete in a mixer
Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to mix concrete in a mixer.
1. Gather your materials
You’ll need cement, sand, gravel, and water. Make sure you have enough of each material to create the desired amount of concrete. If your not sure of the mix ratio take a look below.
2. Set up the mixer
Choose a level, stable surface to set up your mixer. Make sure the mixer is clean and free of any debris. Set the mixer to the appropriate speed for the amount of concrete you’ll be mixing.
3. Add the materials
Start by adding the water to the mixer. Then add the cement, sand, and gravel in the desired proportions. For example, a common mixture for concrete is 1 part cement, 2 parts sand, and 3 parts gravel.
4. Mix the concrete
Turn on the mixer and let it run for several minutes until the concrete is thoroughly mixed. You may need to stop the mixer periodically to scrape down the sides and ensure all the materials are incorporated.
5. Check the consistency
Once the concrete is mixed, check its consistency. It should be thick and uniform, with no dry spots or excess water. If it’s too thick, add a little more water. If it’s too runny, add a little more cement or sand.
6. Pour and use the concrete
Once the concrete is mixed to the desired consistency, pour it into a wheelbarrow or other container and transport it to your construction site. Use the concrete as soon as possible to ensure it doesn’t begin to harden before it’s placed in its final position.
That’s it! Mixing concrete in a mixer can be a straightforward process as long as you have the right materials and follow these steps carefully.
How to mix concrete by hand
Mixing concrete by hand can be an easy and inexpensive method for small construction jobs.
Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to mix concrete by hand.
Gather your materials
You’ll need cement, sand, gravel, and water. If your unsure of the mix ratio take a look below.
Make sure you have enough of each material to create the desired amount of concrete.
Place your dry materials on a large board, forming the shape of a volcano.